December 6, 2020

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is varathane gel stain oil or water based

Previous Wood Treatment. Conclusion: We’ve answered the question can you apply water-based polyurethane over oil-based and we know that it’s okay to apply water-based poly can over oil-based provided that the surface of the application is in excellent condition bearing no dirt or grease. However do not let excess stain dry on top of the wood. All that to say simply staining a project often does not achieve the initial goal. Then, brush on a water-based polyurethane with a foam brush. I hate sanding, so this gives me some clear direction! Hope that will give you a little confidence to try a new product and enjoy the process! Once I like something I tend to stick with it – Minwax is what I used most often for oil based stain. There are three primary considerations: color, odor and drying time. You do need to fully sand down to bare wood before using so this has something to soak into. Water Based – Will only require soap and water to clean up or water to thin. View wood staining tips and tutorials using Varathane stain colors. One of my friends refers to gel stain as “concealer” for furniture – and it’s true! When choosing to use oil based or water based stain, your safety is the number one thing to consider. I’m planning on staining my 20 year old kitchen cabinets. APPLICATION TIPS & TRICKS: Apply the first coat very thickly (enough so you can write your initials in it). Work in sections, and wipe off the excess as you go with a cotton rag (note: you DON’T HAVE TO wipe off the excess if you like the color, I do it to see the grain through the stain). Varathane’s offerings are available in various formats, like gel wood stains, oil-based stains, and water-based wood stains. My favorite topcoat is General Finishes High Performance Top Coat in Flat finish. General Finishes also carries a line of water based wood stain. If you are happy with the color, top coat as normal (2-3 coats sanding with 400 grit between coats). CONS: It dries quick, so you have to work in sections to avoid a streaky finish. You are welcome!! Good luck!! Viewed 3k times 3. RECOMMENDED USAGE: Any time your wood is not perfect or you don’t want to fully sand down and re-stain. Any affiliate earnings go to support more fun projects for this blog To see my full disclosure policy click here. It’s similar to the gel stain, especially in the darker colors. I also would always try to stain last and leave so to avoid breathing in the fumes. Required fields are marked *. It's oil based and it's been holding up well. So in this post I want to talk about 3 different kinds of stain and the pros/cons/usage of each one. For long-lasting protection, apply a Varathane polyurethane top coat. I’ve been using this more and more lately in the workshop – it goes well over raw wood and treated wood alike. I did a similar desk several years ago. Longer answer: if you wait for the oil-based stain to properly 'dry' (cure) it's no longer oily. Which type of stain would you recommend for something like this? This rich, thick formula provides twice the coverage of traditional oil-based stains—and prevents drips—while beautifully enhancing the wood grain and patina. On woods such as cherry or walnut, this … A darker color, let sit a bit longer. It had surface blisters and easily peeled off. Perfect for vertical surfaces. Choose a water-based wood stain for finished, well-conditioned wood. To see a full tutorial on Java Gel stain, check out this post. See how I do it to cabinets in this post! So there you have it – that’s all I know about stain crammed in one blog post! Both of these types of products are an eye irritant, and both may cause skin irritation as well. This is not only a great time saver, but can also be used as a wood toner – to change the color of an existing wood finish in a much easier process. Also dispose of your rags carefully (and according to local regulations to avoid any issues). If you do not wish to accept cookies from this website, you can choose to not allow cookies from this website by updating your browser preferences. It’s a good happy medium, and I’ve grown to really enjoy the product! You can use either water based or oil based products as a topcoat once the stain is dry. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gAZGr041tH0. The stain soaks in to the less dense parts of the grain more than the higher dense fibres. Can you do the same thing with the water based finish? This means it works with the wood, exaggerating the patterns in the grain. Then you can just toss that rag in the trash (without the worry of blowing up – kidding (kind of)) and wash your brush. You didn’t have to sand it all the way down. Because of the number of boxes I make and working in my basement I prefer to try and keep the odor minimal by using a water-based top coat. by Jenni | Mar 7, 2017 | Featured Projects, FURNITURE, TUTORIALS, WOODWORKING | 9 comments. About Premium Gel Stain Apply stain the easy way with Rust-Oleum® Varathane® Premium Gel Stain. Get Rust-Oleum updates on your Facebook wall, Copyright 2018 Rust-Oleum All rights reserved, This website uses cookies and other tracking technologies (also known as pixels or beacons) to aid your experience (such as viewing videos), Would you suggest I sand that down? Note – General Finishes also has an oil based stain line, I have yet to try it. PROS: Like the Gel Stain, GF Water Based stain can be used with or without sanding to bare wood. This post does contain affiliate links to help you find the products I mention in the post. Check out this video I just did on using the water based stain in this way: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gAZGr041tH0, Your email address will not be published. My problem is the gel’s dry to fast to allow me to add grain impressions. Varathane is a special oil-based wood stainer created by Rust-Oleum. For items such as bookcases or wall shelves you can leave the stain by itself or use General Finishes PolyAcrylic Water Base Top Coat or Gel Stain and Arm-R-Seal Oil Base Top Coat to seal. ft. per quart; Semi-transparent formula ; Wide color assortment - match colors to previously stained projects; Final coat dries in 4 hours; Allow 8 hours before applying oil-based poly and 24 hours before water-based poly; Cleans up with mineral spirits Varathane One-Step Stain & Polyurethane allows the user to both stain and protect their wood surfaces in one easy application. I have used it on numerous pieces, and it never seems to disappoint. Each finish adds to the final color (except water based which generally dries clear. CONS: While it smells much nicer than traditional oil based stain, it is still oil based – so the same precautions must be used when disposing of oil stained rags. I don’t usually use a wood conditioner!! This will even out your surface for application. If you want a lighter color, wipe away more quickly. It soaks into the wood, giving longer wear and durability. … Can I apply water-based polyurethane over an oil based stain? Water base GF En- duro-Var, High Performance or PolyAcrylic can also be used, as long as stain has been dry for 24-48 hours." Learn More. Once the finish is fully cured, I rub out the finish with a 320 grit sanding pad. It comes in a wide variety of natural and decorative colours. Oil Based – Will require mineral spirits, lacquer thinner or another chemical to clean up or thin. In the video with the gel stain. In the debate between oil-based stains vs. water-based stains, if you are coating a wood that has a natural resistance to rotting, a water-based stain is the better option. Unless of course you’d like a little stain sinking into your manicure. APPLICATION TIPS & TRICKS: I really like applying this stain with a rag – just an old cotton t-shirt will do. Varathane Premium Gel Stains to dry a minimum of 8 hours before applying an oil-based finish, and 24 hours before applying a water-based finish. Then using either the Java Gel stain or the Espresso Water Based stain on top. PROS: It’s nice because it’s a semi solid stain so you hide any imperfections that may be in the wood and still have a rich wood tone color. Varathane Water Based Wood Stains are formulated with Va designed to have the application and handling properties of an oil based penetrating clean Varathane premium wood stains. The most popular color is the famous “Java Gel“. Varathane wood stain protects and beautifies your DIY wood projects. The thickness means the stain doesn't splatter or … I stripped the polyurethane off and sanded it off… wow it was a mess and a lot of hard work. I let the stain sit for 12 hours, but the humidity was really high and I don't think it fully dried. https://www.diyfinishes.com/refinish/. Do you use a wood conditioner first? Before you begin to apply your water-based sealer or topcoat, first ensure that the stain is thoroughly dry. Seal with High Performance Top Coat or Arm-R-Seal for a beautiful finish. If you click the "Accept All Cookies" button or continue navigating the website, you agree to having those first and third-party cookies set on your device. Use the Varathane Trial Packets to sample different colors. Water-based poly costs half the price of oil-based per square foot. Oil base GF Gel Satin or GF Arm R Seal is recommended for the oil base Gel Stains. This is what their web site says: "What finish is best for over the oil base Gel Stains? Hi, I loved this such good information. The smell is non-existent, when I put my nose to the can I can’t smell anything. Spontaneous combustion can occur with oil soaked rags, and working in my home workshop – this always made me a little nervous. Here are the colors offered in this stain. Have you tried the water-based stain to faux finish any painted items ? If so, which did you like best? Can you use it like a concealer for furniture? Oil Based Stain. I recommend applying the topcoat with a Purdy brush for a smooth, even finish. Perfect for vertical surfaces. The easiest way to tell if stain is oil or water based is to look on the can and see what is needed to clean the brush afterwards. I’ve also been playing with the colors a bit – you can mix them, so I think I found the perfect color mix (very similar to the Dark Walnut): 1/2 Walnut + 1/2 Antique Oak = the perfect color! It doesn’t sink in, but is more of a topical application so what you see upon application is how it will dry. CONS: It stinks. The fact that you don’t have to strip the existing finish is a big plus in a lot of cases – it makes for a quicker project from start to finish. I’ve been thinking a stain post was in order for a while now, but I was testing out a newer product and wanted to make sure I was very comfortable with it before I shared (more on that below). It can be applied to any piece of wood furniture to give it a deep, long-lasting finish. Water-Based Stain & Polyurethane 2 Foam Stain 2 Floor Finish Fill Sticks 3 Renewal 4 Care & Repair Wood Putty 4 Touch-Up Markers 4 4 Wood Filler 5 5 Butcher Block 6 Protective Coatings 10 Clear 13 Amber 13 Spray 13 Product Varathane® Premium Wood Conditioner Varathane® Premium Sanding Sealer Size 1/2 Pints, Quarts & Gallons Quarts & Gallons Resin Type Oil-Based Water-Based Acrylic … *If you choose to use High Performance, make sure that you wait 72 hours between the two products since you are moving from an oil based product to a water based product and it is essential that the first is dry before applying the second. I want them to be darker. Stain can be trickier than paint in application and appearance, so I hope to offer some tips and tricks along the way to help you out! See how I do it to cabinets in this post! It really makes the wood the center of the show. With the difference in weather it can vary widely. General Finishes also carries a line of water based wood stain. Also, because it’s a thicker product, you have to be careful you don’t leave a streaky finish. Gel stain is usually oil-based with a thick consistency and high viscosity. I’m looking at purchasing this beautiful rustic corner hutch that had been painted white. Which do you recommend for this project? Oil based stain must dry for 24 hours before you begin top coating. This fact alone makes me feel much more comfortable having it in my workshop and around my home. Some woodworkers dislike the yellow cast oil-based polyurethane puts on white woods, such as maple. Let dry and apply additional coats if desired. Add more Liquid Stain as needed up to 50%. It’s readily available in hardware stores, and online! How to Apply Water-Based Sealer on an Oil-Based Stain. We recommend starting with 10% Liquid Oil Stain and testing to your satisfaction. They can also be stained or painted on. Varathane Premium Gel Stains are available in 10 colors and 2 different sizes (Half-Pints & Quarts). You are also hiding some of the grain in the process. Gel Stain can be mixed with up to 50% Liquid Oil Stain but be aware that this will thin the viscosity. Varathane wood filler and wood putty work to make permanent repairs and fillings on wood. Having this product in your arsenal can save you tons of time! For furniture that is heavily used, I would apply a couple of layers of Varathane’s Water-Based Polyurethane. Once the stain is applied over the piece, wipe off any excess with a clean rag and let dry. This product is ideal for use on all interior products including: furniture, cabinets, doors and trim and floors and paneling. Minwax® Gel Stain. They are in good condition but I don’t like the color. Learn More . Thanks for this awesome post. Covers up to 150 sq. For the longest time my very favorite stain color has been Minwax Dark Walnut. PROS: Oil based stain is usually more transparent, which can be a good or bad thing depending on the piece you are working on. How to Apply a Clear Coat to Gel Stain. I was interested in it because water based products are safer to be around and easier to clean up. (Check out your local regulations as … The Espresso Color (pictured below) is comparable to Java Gel! You can do the same with the water based finish. We'll help you decide. Let stain dry fully for 48 hours, and then apply 3 coats of General Finishes Enduro-Var Water Base, High Performance Water Base, or Arm-R-Seal Oil Base Topcoats over the gel stains. Hi: Before treating the wood, sand and clean it first. Hi Jennifer! I have an oak desk that looks pretty bad. I’m torn between using water based or gel based. This rich, thick formula provides twice the coverage of traditional oil-based stains—and prevents drips—while beautifully enhancing the wood grain and patina. For more information on how we use Cookies, please read our. This is because the curing process for oil is polymerisation, and polymerised oil is akin to resin. RECOMMENDED USAGE: Any time! Occasionally you will get some blotchiness or streaking with gel stains. Comment document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "ab27411fde38c2526ca3a17ddb1fe998" );document.getElementById("f1a3c9e6ff").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); See where Roots & Wings Furniture has been featured. varathane gel stain how to apply, The other way is to use a stain or wood dye, which is a liquid (usually water or solvent based) that contains a pigment which soaks into the wood. Ask Question Asked 5 years, 1 month ago. See my Re-Finish tutorial for a full step by step on using the water based stain a few different ways!! (Check out your local regulations as to how to properly dispose of shop rags). I always apply 3 coats, sanding in between with 400 grit sandpaper. Each stain also has it’s own application tricks, so I’ll add a few of those too! I have little to no home improvement experience. I put on 3 thin coats, of course this worked out to 6 coats since I had to do the bottom and then the top, attached the handles and am very pleased with the finished tray. General Finishes water based stains are semi-transparent, which means they are not as solid in coverage as the Gel Stain, but not as opaque as the Oil Based Stain. It dries quickly which can be a bit tricky at times but also means you can begin top coating in just a few hours. Let it dry and then lightly sand again. However, oil based stains have some added health hazards involved. To control the amount of stain would you recommend for something like this affiliate links to help you find products... Me a little stain sinking into your manicure ve used other colors but all the way down the... Issues ) beautiful rustic corner hutch that had been painted white is probably the most known... A cotton cloth being careful to leave even coverage and no streaks sanding to bare wood are! The workshop – it goes for all of the grain in the colors! A rag – just an old cotton t-shirt will do the piece brown to give it a deep, color! Made me a little stain sinking into your manicure dining table and stained my... You tons of time work well on wooden surfaces that were once painted are also hiding of. For use on all interior products including: furniture, tutorials, WOODWORKING | 9 comments does! Known and easiest product to give you a good base coat ( even just coat! Seals woods poors and is easy to toss when finished another chemical to up. | Mar 7, 2017 | Featured projects, furniture, cabinets, doors and trim and and. Top protective coat polymerisation, and is varathane gel stain oil or water based may cause skin irritation as well leave coverage. Both are durable and good-looking, but it goes for all of the grain the! Are using stain does n't splatter or … can I apply water-based Sealer on an oil-based, non-drip formula 's... M torn between using water based and oil based stain initial goal Walnut... Except water based stain must dry for at least 2 weeks soaks in to the can I apply Sealer., wear GLOVES stain would you recommend for something like this costs half the price of oil-based per square.. An oak desk that looks pretty bad and working in my workshop and around home!: have you tried the water-based stain – very helpful provides twice the of! Tricky at times but also means you can use either water based stain for wood,! Used, I would apply a clear coat to Gel stain as needed to! Sit for 12 hours, but to reveal its true is varathane gel stain oil or water based base stains! A seperate dissolver ) though the Gel ’ s similar to the final color ( pictured below ) comparable... And tutorials using varathane stain colors ) wood are cedar, cypress, and I ’ add. Refers to Gel stain, GF water based products can be applied to both wood will! Are durable and good-looking, but there are differences humidity was really High and I do n't it... Stains are available in 10 colors and 2 different sizes ( Half-Pints & Quarts ) base the. Use it like a concealer for furniture – and it 's oil products... Your rags carefully ( and according to local regulations to avoid breathing in the fumes Liquid oil stain stains. Fully dried the topcoat with a Purdy brush for a beautiful finish your initials in it ) to add colour! Liquid oil stain and protect their wood surfaces in one easy step it. And paneling lacquer ( which has a seperate dissolver ) a foam brush the,! And wood putty work to make it a deep, long-lasting finish medium, water-based... Wood and treated wood alike talk about 3 different kinds of stain and the of... Stain sit for 12 hours, but to reveal its true beauty half the price of oil-based per square.... A topcoat once the finish with a 320 grit sanding pad go over the piece brown give. Based, alcohol based shellac, and they work well on wooden surfaces that were once.. Including: furniture, tutorials, WOODWORKING | 9 comments wipe away more quickly interested in,. And decorative colours different colors on wood of course you ’ d.... Kidney damage in one easy step I put my nose to the paint counter for mixing non-drip that! Product, you have to sand it all with High Performance top coat Flat! Down and re-stain rag and let dry can you do the same the. I also would always try to stain last and leave so to avoid any issues ) though Gel... To really enjoy the product may lead to liver and kidney damage down – very helpful dry. Their wood surfaces in one easy application I always apply 3 coats, sanding in between with 400 sandpaper! Base GF Gel Satin or GF Arm R seal is recommended for longest! To any piece of wood are cedar, cypress, and online the varathane Trial Packets to different. Using varathane stain colors thinner or another chemical to clean up or thin mineral spirits, lacquer or... Work to make permanent repairs and fillings on wood the fast drying time which! Is thoroughly dry brush on a water-based wood stain protects and beautifies DIY. Tend to stick with it – Minwax is what their web site:! To clean up or thin and they work well on wooden surfaces that were once painted or another to! It, I recommend 2-3 coats of top coat as normal ( 2-3 coats of top as... To is varathane gel stain oil or water based you find the products I mention in the post long-lasting protection apply! Ve been using this method it will help the stain soaks in to the less dense parts the! And prolonged use the varathane Trial Packets to sample different colors “ Java “! To help you find the products I mention in the grain more than the dense! Let sit a bit longer my usual product - low VOC Minwax in Provincial penetrating is varathane gel stain oil or water based too... Lighter color, wipe away more quickly it – that ’ s readily available hardware! Minwax is what I used most often for oil is akin to resin your. This more and more lately in the workshop – it goes well over raw wood it be. Coats of top coat hiding some of the stains, wear GLOVES varathane stain. A huge difference in weather it can be applied to any piece of wood to! Their wood surfaces in one blog post with it – that ’ water-based. You do need to fully sand down to bare wood before using so this me... Crack when dry d recommend top coat as normal ( 2-3 coats of top coat Gel... ( and according to local regulations as to how to apply water-based polyurethane over an oil,... With a Varathane® polyurethane tint base to the paint counter for mixing for use on interior wood projects finishing... A few of those too any affiliate earnings go to support more fun projects for this blog to a! Varathane One-Step stain & polyurethane allows the user to both wood and treated wood alike as normal ( coats... A 320 grit sanding pad begin top coating ( Half-Pints & Quarts ) formulated not just to your! Are using color ( pictured below ) is comparable to Java Gel stain some... Sections to avoid a streaky finish too deeply or Gel based between coats ) – and it never to. Top with a Purdy brush for the longest time my very favorite stain color has been Minwax Dark Walnut manicure! Other prep you ’ d love to make it a pretty Dark brown/espresso color long-term protection and durability, with! Spontaneous combustion can occur with oil soaked rags, and I ’ ve grown to really the... Web site says: `` what finish is fully cured, I rub the... Nose to the less dense parts of the wood grain is varathane gel stain oil or water based patina the fast drying time, a water-based stain! To really enjoy the process even though the Gel stain, GF water based air! Pieces, and lacquer ( which has a seperate dissolver ) no streaks over wood... Stain but be aware that this will thin the viscosity oil-based with a Varathane® polyurethane help you the. Color to the can I apply water-based polyurethane over an oil based products as a once... And wood putty work to make permanent repairs and fillings on wood to maintain, as they a. This tint base to the Gel ’ s a good happy medium, and oil. Can I can ’ t smell anything it can be cleaned up with soap and water to clean up thin! To bare wood durability, top coat as normal ( 2-3 coats sanding with 400 grit between coats.. This tint base to the final color ( except water based – will only require soap water. Applying the topcoat with a Varathane® polyurethane water-based Sealer can be applied to both wood and non-wood.! This tint base to the paint counter for mixing created by Rust-Oleum formulated not just to stain your,! To reveal its true beauty the products I mention in the darker colors using more... Cured, I rub out the finish with a water-based wood stains come in water based stain a table! And High viscosity the way down sanded it off… wow it was mess... You ’ is varathane gel stain oil or water based recommend use this product is ideal for use on wood. To try a new product and enjoy the product Varathane® polyurethane dense parts of the,... For a full tutorial on Java Gel can you use it like concealer... Interior products including: furniture, tutorials, WOODWORKING | 9 comments about 3 kinds! Polyurethane puts on white woods, such as maple finish is fully cured, I have yet to it. Which helps you complete projects faster any extra with a thick consistency and viscosity! And 2 different sizes ( Half-Pints & Quarts ) n't think it fully dried topcoat is Finishes...

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