December 6, 2020
2 timothy 2 19 lexicon
https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/2-timothy-2.html. Compare, too, the words of the Good Shepherd (John 10:14; John 10:27-29). Then it is the foundation on which is built the whole household of God which is growing into a holy Temple in the Lord, as a dwellingplace of God in the Spirit (Ephesians 2:20). Not the word of truth as a bare theory, but as a surely appropriated foundation of faith and hope standeth fast as the safeguard against error (1 Peter 1:22-25 : contrast Psalms 11:3; Psalms 82:5). BibliographyHaydock, George Leo. If the spirit of the apostle was perturbed with vain babblings, or cruel mortification, or the spread of plausible or perilous theories, he required to fall back upon great and deep principles. So it signifies Revelation 9:4; and the expression is here used with propriety, in allusion to the custom of engraving upon some stones laid in the foundation of buildings, the names of the persons by whom, and the purposes for which, the structure was raised. We don"t have to worry about slipping through the cracks - when we are His; we know He will be watching over us. Inscriptions were often engraven on a "foundation" stone (Revelation 21:14) (Alford). . BibliographyNicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. Not God the Creator, but "the Lord," the Redeemer. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-timothy-2.html. This we learn from the next clause. 20 O Timothy, guard the deposit entrusted to you. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. The words were probably a memory of Numbers 16:5; but the thought here goes far deeper. Joel 3:5). All such he assuredly knows, acknowledges, and will favour and protect as his. So must the true believers in Christ depart from the iniquity of these deniers of the resurrection. If we do refer it to this verse on the basis of the Hebrew text (‘the sure foundation’) then the firm foundation that stood there was the statement ‘he who believes will not be in a hurry’ (because ‘in quietness and confidence would be their strength’ - Isaiah 30:15). The seal has two inscriptions on it, like the obverse and reverse of a coin, or like two sentences which might be written on the two lintels of a door. This three-fold foundation standeth sure — Remains immoveable and the same, throughout all ages. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 2:19". Bengel thinks that ἀπὸ ἀδικίας is equivalent to ἀπὸ ἀδίκων, the abstract for the concrete; cf. BibliographyBenson, Joseph. And, Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity.". The words are applied from Numbers xvi. Notwithstanding the subversion of their faith, 'the firm foundation of (i:e., laid by) God standeth' fast [ ho (Greek #3588) stereos (Greek #4731) themelios (Greek #2310) tou (Greek #3588) Theou (Greek #2316) hesteeken (Greek #2476): the English version would require ho (Greek #3588) themelios (Greek #2310) stereos (Greek #4731)]. That incident is very pertinent here, for there too men were rebelling against God’s truth, and were opposing the appointed leaders of the people of God. 2 Timothy 2 is the second chapter of the Second Epistle to Timothy in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.The letter has been traditionally attributed to Paul the Apostle, the last one written in Rome before his death (c. 64 or 67), addressed to Timothy. 19. Timothy’s Conduct. ), so the blessing which God pours on governors extendeth itself to such as are under them. 1:2; Titus 1:4). The reverse of the coin, the other side of the foundation bears, deep-cut, this inscription: ‘Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity,’ and the two inscriptions are always to be held together. 15 Work hard so you can present yourself to God and receive his approval. 2013. Motto first: Lord knoweth—An allusion to Numbers 16:5, “The Lord will show who are his;” in the Septuagint, “The Lord knoweth (or knew) who are his.” That is, Jehovah knew who of Israel were true worshippers, in contrast to Korah and his company. Several understand these words, which are similar to those Numbers xvi. k Avoid the l irreverent babble and contradictions of what is falsely called “knowledge,” 21 for by professing it some have swerved from the faith. 1. (2 Timothy 2:19). "Commentary on 2 Timothy 2:19". Be a good worker, one who does not need to be ashamed and who correctly explains the word of truth. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/2-timothy-2.html. 17 This kind of talk spreads like cancer, # 2:17 Greek gangrene. 2 Timothy 2:19. 2 Timothy 2:19. There have been plenty of Christian people who have been so absorbed in the contemplation of ‘unconditional election,’ ‘eternal predestination,’ ‘final perseverance,’ and all the rest of the theological formularies that have been spun out of these words, that they have forgotten the other side altogether. of God's decree to protect his elect, than a different seal. And nothing can have a greater tendency to encourage the confidence and hope, and at the same time to engage the obedience of sincere Christians, than the double inscription here mentioned. This would certainly then tie in to some extent with the idea of the ‘great house’ mentioned in 2 Timothy 2:20, but if that was the intention why was the latter ‘a great house’ and not the Temple (as it could easily have been)? Every one who names the name of the Lord, who speaks of Christ as His Lord, and therefore calls himself a Christian, is bound by so doing to depart from iniquity. And although the denial of the resurrection, 2 Timothy 2:18, obscures Christ, and overthrows the structure of the faith of some, still that foundation, Jesus Christ, born and raised, standeth sure, the moveless basis of the faith of all persevering believers. See crit. 1857. Not as expressing the knowledge that flows from an inscrutable decree, but, as in 1 Corinthians 8:3; 1 Corinthians 13:12, John 10:14, the knowledge, implying love and approval, which Christ has of those who are truly His. Firstly that God’s purpose is sure and firmly founded whatever happens, and secondly that He knows who are true and who are not, and that He requires those who are true to depart from unrighteousness. καὶ ἀπέστησαν ἀπὸ τῆς σκηνῆς κόρε (Numbers 16:26-27). Copyright StatementCopyright 2008. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 2:19". Tools "Commentary on 2 Timothy 2:19". BibliographyIce, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 2:19". An extensive blessing. Others see the second statement as coming from Isaiah 52:11, ‘Depart, depart, go you out from there, touch no unclean thing, go you out of the midst of her. Be strong: This was an important encouragement. The Jew was especially accustomed to see the words and promises of his God written or graven on his doorposts and on his gates. ), Christ Himself being the ultimate "foundation" (1 Corinthians 3:11). It is called “a seal” here instead of an inscription, for a seal best conveys the idea of the solemn binding character of the writing. 2 Timothy Greeting. “pisteuo,” by R. Bultmann (Grand Rapids: Wm. The back side of this is that if you aren"t departing from iniquity and name the name of Christ then one might question if you are truly His. 1859. the foundation, &c, = God"s firm foundation. Nevertheless the foundation of God — That is, the foundation of God’s church, represented as a house, 2 Timothy 2:20; 1 Timothy 3:15; 1 Peter 2:5; in which God dwells, Ephesians 2:22; as a family inhabiting a house, Hebrews 3:3; as a temple, Ephesians 2:21; in which God displays his glory, communicates his blessings, receives the prayers, praises, and oblations of his people, and is worshipped in spirit and in truth. Here the apostle passes rapidly from the notion of the Church collectively as a foundation, or a building well founded, to that of the men and women of whom it is composed, and who have been sealed by God (see reff. With στερεός compare the use of στερεόω, Acts 16:5, and of στερέωμα, Colossians 2:5. ἔχων τὴν σφραγῖδα: It was noted on 1 Timothy 6:19 that in the two places in which θεμέλιος occurs in the Pastorals, there is a condensation of expression resulting in a confusion of metaphor. 2 Timothy 4:19. It is important that every Christian understand the implications of this verse. 19 But God’s truth stands firm like a foundation stone with this inscription: “The Lord knows those who are his,”  and … Must turn away from wrongdoing. Compare Revelation 18:4 and note. Many churches are so desperate for workers that they call upon those that are not really believers to do the Lord"s work - not wise, not even smart. 2 Timothy 2:19. 26. depart from the tents of these wicked men, to be as it were a second seal, or part of the seal of God's firm decree, inasmuch as the elect by his grace, or when they are prevented and assisted by his grace, will always depart from iniquity; will remain firm in faith, and in the practice of good works: so that this may rather be an effect of the former seal, i.e. The one gives the divine and the other the human sides of the guarantee. Whichever interpretations we prefer we must not lose sight of the fact that the general principle is the same. Taking for granted the sureness of the foundation Paul predicates of it that it 'standeth fast.' also Isaiah 26:13. Ἀποστήτω ἀπὸ ἀδικίας πᾶς ὁ ὀνομάζων τὸ ὄνομα κυρίου, and, Let everyone that nameth the Name of the Lord depart from unrighteousness. God’s own people, as they read the words graven on the foundation “with an iron pen and with lead for ever,” are ever reminded of their deepest, highest, truest comfort. 2 Timothy 2:10-15,19. The texts read "the Lord". 5. (‘Depart from unrighteousness’ could then indicate that those who name the Name of the Lord should remove themselves from the presence of the false teachers). 3 Bear your share of hardship along with me like a good soldier of Christ Jesus. 2 Timothy 2:19 19 But God’s firm foundation stands, bearing this seal: g “The Lord knows those who are his,” and, “Let everyone h who names the name of the Lord depart from iniquity.” Read more Share Copy Isaiah 52:11 and (in continuation of the parallel suggested in the previous quotation) Numbers 16:26; cp. ", Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, ἐπέσκεπται καὶ ἔγνω ὁ θεὸς τοὺς ὄντας αὐτοῦ καὶ τοὺς ἁγίους, Let every one that nameth the name of the Lord, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. 'The word of the truth' inseparably involves God's truthfulness to His Word: the "foundation" is primarily 'the word of the truth,' including, secondarily, God's faithfulness to His promises to His own people. 1 * So you, my child, be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus. Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure; having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his; And, Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity; Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. 3) Others see the foundation as Jesus Christ Himself (Matthew 21:42). https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/2-timothy-2.html. 2 Timothy 2:19, NLT: "But God's truth stands firm like a foundation stone with this inscription: 'The LORD knows those who are his,' and 'All who belong to the LORD must turn away from evil.'" BibliographyConstable, Thomas. His knowing is elective (Amos 3:2); communicative, as it imparts the consciousness of God's recognition to the soul (Psalms 31:7); distinctive (Psalms 1:6) between the godly and the ungodly: the Septuagint (Numbers 16:5), egnoo (Greek #1097) ho (Greek #3588) Theos (Greek #2316) tous (Greek #3588) ontas (Greek #5607) autou (Greek #846) kai (Greek #2532) tous (Greek #3588) hagious (Greek #40), to which Paul alludes], Let everyone that nameth (as His Lord, Psalms 20:7; Acts 22:16; or preacheth in His name Jeremiah 20:9). Paul does not mind about mingling metaphors. App-132. "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". 2 Timothy 2:19 New Living Translation (NLT). That would tie in well with the fact that the foundation here also connects with two such statements and would in the end make the firm foundation here refer to the sovereign purpose of God, as it did there. The foundation of God standeth sure. Solemn Charge. BibliographyPett, Peter. And, Let everyone that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity.—The thought and the words are from the Old Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-timothy-2.html. note. Thus in the end the firm foundation here is the church, as founded on Jesus Christ and His words (see Matthew 16:18), whether worldwide or local. The foundation of God standeth sure. The intensive use of know is Illustrated by Genesis 18:19, Exodus 33:12; Exodus 33:17, Nahum 1:7, John 10:14; John 10:27, 1 Corinthians 8:3; 1 Corinthians 13:12; 1 Corinthians 14:38, R.V.m., Galatians 4:9. ἀποστήτω κ. τ. λ.: The language is perhaps another echo of the story of Korah: ἀποσχίσθητε ἀπὸ τῶν σκηνῶν τῶν ἀνθρώπων τῶν σκληρῶν τούτων … μὴ συναπόλησθε ἐν πάσῃ τῇ ἁμαρτίᾳ αὐτῶν. ο definite article - nominative singular masculine ho ho: the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom) -- … But the solid foundation. ... Christ depart , [ aposteetoo (Greek #848)] - 'stand aloof.' Also Isaiah 26:13, κύριε, ἐκτὸς σοῦ ἄλλον οὐκ οἴδαμεν, τὸ ὄνομά σου ὀνομάζομεν. Joseph Benson's Commentary. 6) Still other suggestions are that the foundation is the truth of the Gospel, or the work of God in the believer. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 2:19". So, brethren, it is wise for us to look at the dangers, to be fully aware of the perils, to be tremblingly conscious of our own weakness, but it is folly and faithlessness to look at the danger so exclusively, or to feel our own weakness so keenly as that either one or the other, or both of them combined, shall obscure to our sight the far greater and confidence-giving truth of the knowledge, the sympathy, and the extended protecting hand, of our Brother and our Lord. It is of no use going up into the heights of ‘the Lord knoweth them that are His,’ unless you also come down to the simple teaching,’ Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity. "E.W. You therefore, my son, be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus. BibliographyEllicott, Charles John. CHAPTER 4. και conjunction kai kahee: and, also, even, so then, too, etc. (19) Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure.—Better rendered, Nevertheless God’s firm foundation standeth. 1896. Working hard for a faithful God. "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". If you look down from the narrow ledge of the Alpine arrete to the thousand feet of precipice on either side of the two or three inches where you have your footing you will get giddy and fall. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 2:19". as in the case of Hymenaeus and Philetus. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 2:19". m Grace be with you. So there is the deep, the sure, the divine guarantee that the foundation standeth firm. Here it would seem to represent the thought that God’s unchanging truth is the foundation of His Church. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-timothy-2.html. 2 Timothy 2:19 MSG Meanwhile, God’s firm foundation is as firm as ever, these sentences engraved on the stones: GOD KNOWS WHO BELONGS TO HIM. College Press, Joplin, MO. October 13, 2019 Hope Lutheran Church Rev. See the note there, and on 1 Timothy 3:15-16. Nevertheless, that is to say, though some may be shaken in faith by the unhappy teaching above referred to, yet assuredly God’s firm foundation stands unshaken. and also Ezekiel 9:4; John 6:27; 2 Corinthians 1:22; Ephesians 1:13; Ephesians 4:30; Revelation 7:3-8). What is that foundation? God knows them that are His - what a blessing to know! "Commentary on 2 Timothy 2:19". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-timothy-2.html. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-timothy-2.html. NASB ... KJV Lexicon. Dr. Whitby supposes that the apostle alludes here to Numbers 16:5, To-morrow the Lord will show who are his, and who is holy; and that the clause has a peculiar reference to the apostles, in opposition to heretical teachers. This gives every true Christian confidence!!! Those who are His elect are secure, and in return they are being called on to turn from unrighteousness. 2 Timothy 2:13). ‘. "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". Titus 1:11 who must be silenced because they are upsetting whole families, teaching things they should not teach for the sake of sordid gain. (Witham) --- Whatever effects hell may make by its agents, the eternal edifice, of which the elect are living stones, is immoveable, being founded on the immutable decree of divine election, and upon the efficacious and infallible means, which separate the children of the wicked Adam, to bring them and to unite them to Jesus Christ. In some cases, as in the oldest monuments of Egypt, the engraved writing told the name of the royal or priestly builder; so in Revelation 21:14, we read how in the wall of the City of God there were twelve foundations, and on them were engraved the names of the Twelve Apostles of the Lamb. Be you clean who bear the vessels of the Lord.’ The same verb for ‘depart’ is used in LXX, but there they are bearers of the vessels of the Lord, not the actual vessels. From iniquity (Isaiah 52:11). The ancient practise of engraving inscriptions on buildings in order to indicate their purpose then explains the two sealing statements. 2 Timothy 4:7(NASB) Verse Thoughts Second Timothy was the last epistle written by the great apostle Paul to his son in the faith, for our learning, shortly before his impending death. "my son" This refers to Paul as Timothy's father in the gospel (cf. Handling God's Word Series Contributed by Michael Stark on Apr 16, 2016 | 4,983 views. The spiritual logic of the appeal is the same as that of Galatians 5:25, “If we live by the Spirit, by the Spirit let us also walk”. But surely the Church has a deeper foundation than itself, namely, the incarnate and risen Saviour of 2 Timothy 2:8; the relation of the Church to whom is described in 2 Timothy 2:11-13. ‘However that may be the firm foundation of God stands, having this seal, “The Lord knows those who are his’, and, ‘Let every one who names the name of the Lord depart from unrighteousness.’. Even though some in the Ephesian church were upsetting and being upset, the universal church itself had stood and would continue to stand firm (Gr. The witness (seal) to this was the truth contained in two passages from the Old Testament ( Numbers 16:5, and Isaiah 52:11 or possibly Numbers 16:26; cf. definite article - nominative singular masculine, adjective - nominative singular masculine, definite article - genitive singular masculine, verb - imperfect active indicative - third person singular, verb - perfect active indicative - third person singular, verb - present active participle - nominative singular masculine, definite article - accusative singular feminine, demonstrative pronoun - accusative singular feminine, verb - second aorist active indicative - third person singular, definite article - accusative plural masculine, verb - present participle - accusative plural masculine, personal pronoun - genitive singular masculine, verb - second aorist active middle - third person singular, definite article - accusative singular neuter. Used by Permission. 2 And what you heard from me through many witnesses entrust to faithful people who will have the ability to teach others as well. The foundation of this church Isaiah , 1 st, The great truth spoken of 2 Timothy 2:8, namely, the resurrection of Christ, the principal support of the whole fabric of Christianity, as manifesting Christ to be the Son of God, Romans 1:4; confirming his doctrine, showing the efficacy of his atonement, Romans 4:25; obtaining for us the Holy Spirit, John 16:7; showing the necessity of our rising to a new life, Romans 6:4-5; Ephesians 2:5-6; proving that we shall rise at the great day; that immortality is before us; and that we ought, therefore, to set our affections on, and seek, the things above. Colossians 2:5. knoweth = knew. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sdn/2-timothy-2.html. But Isaiah 52:11 is nearer in sentiment, ἀπόστητε ἀπόστητε, ἐξέλθατε ἐκεῖθεν καὶ ἀκαθάρτου μὴ ἅψησθε, … οἱ φέροντες τὰ σκεύη κυρίου, cf. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. 2 Timothy 2:8-13; Focusing on Christ: To fulfill God's will in our lives, we must keep our minds focused on the Lord Jesus Christ--who He is, His ministry, and His promises.Video; 2 Timothy 2:14-19; Countering False Doctrine: Spiritual leaders must … Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". See, too, the words of Job 19:24, where he would have his most solemn declaration of faith graven or sealed on a rock for ever.). 17 And their word will eat as doth a canker: of whom is Hymenaeus and Philetus; 18 Who concerning the truth have erred, saying that the resurrection is past already; and overthrow the faith of some. ‘However that may be the firm foundation of God stands.’ Whatever the heresies that arise, and however many are led astray or have their faith overthrown, it will not affect the firm foundation that God has laid, which stands solid and has been sealed by God with two seals, one declaring that He knows those who are His, and the other declaring that all who name the Name of the Lord must depart from unrighteousness. 2 Timothy 2:19(NASB) Verse Thoughts The spread of false doctrine in the church is likened to a cancer that spreads and infects the physical body, which finally dies. a. "Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his. I. Mary Erickson Luke 17:11-19; 2 Timothy 2:8-15 Double the Healing Friends, may grace and peace be yours in abundance in the knowledge of God and Christ Jesus our Lord. 1879-90. The "seal" is the token of assurance or security attached to His word of truth ("the foundation of God"), with the legend on one side of its round surface. Having this seal—The seal suggests the motto inscribed upon the seal, yet the seal itself implies the surety of the foundation. Hebrews 12:28). "Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges". Denomination: Pentecostal. SPURN EVIL, ALL YOU WHO NAME GOD AS GOD. BibliographyTorrey, R. A. 3d, Christ himself, in whom all these doctrines are yea and amen, is the foundation of his church, and of the knowledge, experience, and practice of every individual belonging to it, of which see the note on 1 Corinthians 3:11. It is also made clear in Matthew 7:23 that those who do not depart from unrighteousness are not known by Him. Then the statements can be seen as revealing the working out of that eternal purpose. But the sure foundation of God and of the Christian faith standeth firm, though some fall from it, and will stand to the end of the world, the Church being built on a rock, and upon the promises of Christ, which cannot fail. Paul knew that Timothy would need strength and … There is no allusion to the practice of carving inscriptions over doors and on pillars and foundation stones (Deuteronomy 6:9; Deuteronomy 11:20; Revelation 21:14). MacKnight identifies the solid foundation as the apostles themselves (Ephesians 2:20) and thinks these words are quoted from Numbers 16:5 Septuagint (the Hebrew has: "the Lord will show those who are his"). --- And let every one that nameth (or invoketh) the name of the Lord, depart from iniquity. See also all the parables which depict the people of God as a household (e.g. 2 Timothy 2:21, “purge himself from these”. perfect tense; cf. And the only way to keep ‘the Lord knoweth them that are His’ from being a minister of sin is, in the same breath, to say, ‘Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity.’, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges, ὁ μέντοι στερεὸς θεμέλιος τοῦ θεοῦ ἕστηκεν, Ἀποστήτω ἀπὸ ἀδικίας πᾶς ὁ ὀνομάζων τὸ ὄνομα κυρίου, "What is intended is the "seal" of ownership that the architect or owner would have inscribed on the foundation stone (similar in some ways to our modern cornerstones). He goes on to expand the metaphor. ανανηψωσιν verb - aorist active subjunctive - third person "Commentary on 2 Timothy 2:19". All rights reserved. The Expositor's Greek Testament. III. We should give full force to the μέντοι. 1871-8. A reference here to Numbers 16:5. “Naming the name of Jesus” must be understood in the sense of the last clause of 1 Corinthians 12:3; in other words, this sentence of the inscription signifies that no man confessing with the heart that Jesus is Lord can commit iniquity deliberately—the two things are utterly incompatible. 7:23 that those who are his Lutheran Church Rev Timothy 2:19 ( KJV ) '' my ''. 2 – Advice to a Young Pastor a Christ depart from iniquity. practise of inscriptions... Spurn EVIL, all you who name God as God 2 – Advice to a Young Pastor a Old. ( John 10:14 ; John 6:27 ; 2 Timothy 2:11-13, will be by him, even so. 1 Timothy 3:15-16 seal: the Lord Avoid worthless, foolish talk that only leads to godless. Foundation of God in the first passage assures that God differentiates between his faithful servants and who. Jesus Christ Himself being the ultimate `` foundation '' ( 1 Corinthians 3:10-12 ; Ephesians 1:13 ; 4:30! 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